World AIDS Day 2017: 3 things about diagnosis of HIV and AIDS you must know

Are you aware of the WHO guidelines for HIV testing and diagnosis?


December 1 is World AIDS Day. The theme for 2017 is "Right to health" under the slogan "Everybody counts".
According to the world health organizations (WHO), HIV continues to be a major global health problem with approximately 36.7 million people living with HIV at the end of 2016. Also, the recent statistics state that 1.8 million people have been newly infected with HIV in 2016 worldwide. Moreover, around 1.0 million people with HIV died from HIV-related health problems last year. However, most people with HIV do not come open about the conditions due to the stigma associated with it. But here are few key points about HIV and AIDS every one must know about this viral infection.

#1. Most people are scared to get tested for HIV thinking their details will be leaked and everyone will know about their HIV status if tested positive. But according to WHO recommendations, all HIV testing services must follow the 5 Cs principles when it comes to testing of HIV. These are -- Informed Consent, Confidentiality, Counselling, Correct test results and Connection (linkage to care, treatment and other services). Here's more on the HIV diagnosis.

#2. The latest in the diagnosis of HIV/AIDS in India is rapid HIV testing which is a self-testing kit which is reliable and yields positive results in quick time, unlike lab tests that take around a day or two for the results. Moreover, it is comparatively cheaper and acts as a screening tool for the detection of HIV/AIDS.

#3. Most people wonder who should get an HIV test and when should they get it done. A person who had unprotected sex must undergo an HIV test to be on a safer side. The ideal time to get an HIV test is after 90 days of having unprotected sex. This is because the viral load is maximum at this time and hence, the chances of getting an accurate results are high.

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